On Monday, eight states and the District of Columbia filed a lawsuit against the U.S. State Department, arguing the publication of the files represents a threat to U.S. national security and public safety:
3-D printed guns are functional weapons that are often unrecognizable by standard metal detectors because they are made out of materials other than metal (e.g., plastic) and untraceable because they contain no serial numbers. Anyone with access to the [Computer Aided Design] files and a commercially available 3-D printer could readily manufacture, possess, or sell such a weapon—even those persons statutorily ineligible to possess firearms, including violent felons, the mentally ill and persons subject to protection and no-contact orders.
The publication of the files comes after a three-year legal battle between Defense Distributed and the State Department. In 2013, Wilson published designs for a single-shot pistol that could be 3D printed out of plastic and fabricated with easily accessible metal parts.
The State Department said the files were in violation of federal arms export rules and ordered Defense Distributed to take them down. Wilson sued the government on First and Second Amendment grounds.
This year, the State Department finally settled the lawsuit with Defense Distributed, carving out an exception in the arms export rules and clearing the way for the company to publish the files on Aug. 1.
Yesterday, 21 state attorneys general sent a letter to the State Department and U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, urging them to withdraw from the settlement.
U.S. Rep. David Cicilline (D-Rhode Island) and U.S. Rep. Seth Moulton (D-Mass.) also filed a bill yesterday to effectively outlaw the production of 3D-printed guns. If passed, the bill would reclassify the firearms under federal law and undo the State Department exemption.
“We should be doing everything we can to make it more difficult for criminals, children, and individuals with serious mental illness to possess a gun. Instead, the Trump administration’s decision will open the floodgates and allow anyone with access to the internet and a 3-D printer to possess a firearm,” Cicilline said in a statement. “Even worse, these weapons are virtually undetectable by modern security devices used in airports, schools, and other would-be targets for mass shooters.”
This week President Donald Trump seemed to indicate opposition to Defense Distributed’s publication of the designs on Twitter.
I am looking into 3-D Plastic Guns being sold to the public. Already spoke to NRA, doesn’t seem to make much sense!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) July 31, 2018
At least some of the files Defense Distributed released this week have been available on the internet in some form for years, mostly on filesharing sites.
Last week, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence and other gun control advocates filed a motion to prevent the publication of the designs. A federal judge denied that request.
Update: A federal judge in Seattle has issued a temporary restraining order stopping the designs for 3D-printable guns from being posted online.